Gold is a symbol of wealth and success in all cultures and ages. It has been in use by mankind since the Chalcolithic era (earliest Bronze Age). Gold appeared in jewelry in Ancient Egypt as early as 5000 BC. Egypt and Nubia were the huge gold producers of the ancient world; hieroglyphs from 2600 BC said that "gold is more plentiful than dirt" in Egypt.
Gold is an extremely versatile metal, and, like silver, has been used throughout our history for jewelry, currency, decorative and religious objects, as awards and medals, and is tremendously useful in science, medicine and industry. Pure gold was first used for coinage circa 600 BC. Currently, 50% of gold mined is used for jewelry, 40% for investment instruments, and 10% for Industry; India is the world's largest consumer of gold - almost all for jewelry.
Gold is more dense than lead, but it is the most malleable metal; 1 gram can be beaten into a sheet that is 1 square meter; 1 ounce can be beaten into a sheet that is 300 square feet. In its natural state, pure or 24k gold is quite soft; for use in jewelry and other objects it is usually combined with copper, silver, and/or palladium for durability and, particularly for jewelry, is most commonly used as 14 or 18k.
The element Gold was produced by supernovas and the collision of stars; it was present in the dust from which our solar system and our planet was formed, and remains in the core of the Earth. Surprisingly, the gold in Earth's surface that we mine and use was delivered by the impact of asteroids many millennia ago.
Uses or meanings of gold:
In ancient times, gold was symbolic of justice, power, strength, perfection, and the wisdom of aging; it was also symbolic of the brilliance and splendor of God; most ancient cultures link gold with divinity. Ancient Hindus believed that gold represented knowledge, learning, meditation and mental development, and that, while silver represented the feminine energy, gold represented the masculine. In the Middle Ages, gold represented purity and royalty; it is a regal color that appears in heraldry and coats of arms as the color "or", especially as royal lions or fleurs-de-lis.
It is still considered to be symbolic of success, wisdom, aging, and fruition (golden years, golden anniversaries, golden opportunities, even golden parachutes, the Golden Rule, the Golden Ratio). Gold is still used for the highest-honor medals and awards (Olympic medals; Academy Awards). It is traditionally used in wedding rings; because gold is long-lasting and unaffected by the passage of time, it is symbolic of eternal vows, as well as the "perfection" of marriage.Gold also has protective properties and has been used for amulets and talismans throughout history; it is associated with the Crown chakra, opening us to universal wisdom. Gold worn on the body promotes health and optimism.